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Saffron – an expensive and versatile spice


Saffron is a spice derived from the dried stigmas of the saffron crocus flower. It is well-known for its unique taste and intense aroma. In this post, we will explore various aspects of saffron, such as its taxonomy, history, cultivation, uses, and availability.

Taxonomy of the saffron plant

The saffron plant belongs to the family of iris or Iridaceae and has the scientific name Crocus sativus. It is a perennial plant that blooms in autumn and consists of small bulbs, which are referred to as corms. The flowers of the saffron plant are violet in color and have three red stigma threads, which are processed into saffron.

History of Saffron

Saffron has been used for centuries as a spice and coloring agent and has a long history in medicine and cosmetics. It is believed to have originated in Persia (modern-day Iran) and was spread to the Mediterranean region, India, and China from there. Saffron was a highly valuable spice and was often used as currency. Over time, it became popular in European cuisine and today it is known and loved around the world.

saffron farming

Cultivation of saffron

Saffron is grown in various parts of the world, but the largest producer is Iran. The cultivation of saffron requires a lot of care and attention, as the plants are delicate and can only thrive in certain climatic zones. The timing of the harvest is crucial, as the flowers can only be harvested on a specific day to ensure the highest quality. The majority of the world's saffron is grown in the eastern region of Iran.

Sargol, Negin, Pushal und Bunch Saffron

There are different types of saffron that vary in appearance, taste, and quality. The most common types are Sargol, Negin, Pushal, and Bunch Saffron. Sargol is the highest quality and consists of just the red stigma threads, while Negin is made from the entire flower. Pushal contains stigma threads and a portion of the flower, while Bunch Saffron contains whole flowers.


Saffron powder

Saffron can be used as either threads or powder. The powder is often used to flavor rice dishes, soups, and sauces.


At Blumental, we cultivate saffron in its country of origin, Iran, and offer various types of saffron in both organic and conventional quality at the best quality and reasonable prices. We take pride in offering the highest quality saffron that is grown and harvested in strictly controlled environments. Our customers can choose from various varieties such as Sargol, Negin, Pushal, and Bunch. Additionally, we also offer saffron powder that is great for seasoning dishes. If you have a brand, we also provide private labeling solutions so that you can sell our products under your own brand. Please contact us for more information and orders!